- Measuring Growth
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Due to the pandemic's impact on student learning, the 2020-21 reporting might yield patterns between growth and student characteristics that are different from the typical relationships. These trends provide information on students' different learning experiences during the pandemic.For more information about changes to reporting, see What's New in 2021 and Statistical Models and Business Rules.
Building a Scatterplot
When you select Scatterplots from the Reports menu, you will be prompted to choose:
- Test and subject
- Grade, if applicable
- Year of data
You can plot data based on where students are accountable or tested.
- Tested: This option categorizes students based on the district, school, and grade in which they tested in the reporting year.
- Accountable: This option categorizes students based on the district and school that are accountable for the student's learning. If a student did not attend one school long enough for the school to be accountable, the district is accountable. If a student did not attend school within one district long enough for the district to be accountable, the state is accountable.
Choose the Axes
Once you've made these selections, an empty scatterplot is displayed. By default, Growth vs. Performance Index is selected. To change the x- and y-axis, choose from the drop-down menu above the graph. If you choose a predefined graph, a short paragraph of interpretation guidance is displayed.
You can also create a custom scatterplot. To do so, open the drop-down menu and choose Custom Axis Selections. Two new drop-down menus appear. The one on the left sets the variable for the x-axis, and the one on the right sets the variable for the y-axis.
A note about the Difference between Actual and Pre-Pandemic Projected Score
This measure is one way to quantify the pandemic's impact on student learning and put relevant and informative data into the hands of districts, schools, and their communities as they plan for students' recovery and support.
You can view the Difference between Actual and Pre-Pandemic Projected Score against other district or school metrics, such as entering achievement or the percentage of students testing as economically disadvantaged. The report aggregates the difference between students' actual and pre-pandemic projected scores for all students linked to the school or district so that you can view the average difference for students at the school or district. Pre-pandemic projected scores represent how students would have been expected to score based on their prior testing histories and the average growth observed before the pandemic.
The yellow dot represents this average difference for the school or district.
Negative values indicate falling short of projected scores, and positive values indicate exceeding them. Like EVAAS growth measures, the Difference between Actual and Pre-Pandemic Projected Score is reported in Normal Curve Equivalents (NCEs) or in the scaling units of the test, depending on the selected test.
Performance Index: The Performance Index is a component of the Ohio Report Card and measures student achievement at the school or district. Districts and schools receive points for every student's level of achievement, and more details are available here.
Growth Index: The growth index indicates how strong the evidence is that the group of students in the district, school, or teacher's class exceeded, met, or did not meet expected growth in the selected subject. The growth index is calculated by dividing the growth measure by its standard error. Because the growth index takes the standard error into account, it is a fair way to compare districts, schools, and teachers.
|If the growth index is||Students, on average, made the following type of progress|
Equal to or near 0
Progress similar to expected growth
Greater than 0
More progress than expected growth
Less than 0
Less progress than expected growth
Growth Measure: This value is the growth measure from the district, school, or teacher value-added report for the selected grade and subject or course.
Achievement: This value represents the achievement of all students linked to the district, school, or teacher in the currently selected year, subject, or course. For assessments analyzed with the gain model, achievement is the average of the scores from the most recent prior year available and the current year for students in the district, school, or teacher's class. It is expressed in state NCEs. For assessments analyzed with the predictive model other assessments, the entering achievement is the average of the expected score for students in the district, school, or teacher's class, expressed in scale scores. In the 2020-21 reporting, entering achievement for both models is based on the average expected score for the group of students.
% At Least Proficient, % At Least Accelerated, and % Advanced: If the percentage for any district, school, or teacher is above 95%, it will be truncated so that it displays as 95%. Likewise, if the percentage below 5%, it will be displayed as 5%.
Demographic Options: The percentages represent the proportion of students tested in the selected grades who are identified as belonging to that demographic category.
Select Items to Display
Choosing Districts, Schools, and Teachers
This report defaults to plotting schools. To plot districts or teachers, choose from the Plot menu in the Select Items to Display tab. Next you'll need to choose the districts, schools, or teachers you'd like to plot on the graph.
- Plotting districts: Choose Districts from the Plot menu. To add only one or selected districts, select desired districts from the list. Click Add All to add all districts to the graph.
- Plotting schools: Choose Schools from the Plot menu. To add all schools in a district, select the desired district or districts from the list. To select schools within a district, expand the school list by clicking the plus (+) and select schools. Click Add All to add all schools to the graph.
- Plotting teachers: If you have access to teacher data, you'll see Teachers in the Plot menu. To add all teachers in a district, select the desired the district or districts from the list. To select all teachers within a school, expand the list of schools within a district by clicking the plus (+) and select schools. To select teachers within a school, expand the teacher list from the list of schools and select teachers. Click Add All to add all schools to the graph.
It is possible you will not see all the above options if you only have access to your district, school, or teacher report.
Roll the cursor over the name of a currently selected district, school, or teacher to locate it.
Filtering by Demographics
Once you have selected districts, schools, or teachers, you can limit which ones appear by applying demographic filters listed on the right side of the screen. To apply a filter, check the box next to it and enter a range of values. Then click Apply Filters. Only districts, schools, or teachers that fall within the range you defined for the selected demographic appear. For example, if you choose % Economically Disadvantaged and enter a range of 70% to 100%, only districts, schools, or teachers that have 70-100% of their students identified as economically disadvantaged are displayed.
You can apply any combination of filters you'd like. To remove a filter, uncheck the box. To remove all filters, click Clear Filters.
On This Graph
This tab lists the districts, schools, or teachers you have added to the scatterplot. The number of districts, schools, or teachers currently selected appears in parentheses after the tab's name. The list displays the values for each district, school, or teacher for the variables you've chosen to plot. To see the values for the schools currently plotted displayed, expand the list by selecting the district's name. To see the values for teachers displayed on your graph, expand the list by selecting a school's name. Roll the cursor over the name of a currently selected district, school, or teacher to locate it on the scatterplot.
To change the symbol for any district, school, or teacher, click the symbol in the Point column. You can change the symbol's size, color, or shape. Depending on whether you are viewing by district, school, or teacher, you can choose how to apply your changes: Apply to All Districts, Apply to District, Apply to School, or Apply to Teacher.
Font Size: Controls the size of the text on the axes and rollovers.
Animations: If you experience performance issues, it can be helpful to turn off the animations.
Rollovers: When enabled, the scatterplot displays the name of each district, school, or teacher when the cursor moves over the data points. If you do not want to see these rollovers, disable this feature.
Graph Line Depth: This setting controls whether the lines appear above or below the data points.
Graph Lines: The lines mark the origin for the data on each axis. To turn off a graph line, uncheck the box. To change the color of the line, click the dash next to the origin label. In the drop-down menu, select a color, and then click Apply.
Additional Graph Options
Just below the scatterplot, you'll see additional options for displaying the data and interacting with the graph.
Zoom: When this option is selected, you can click and drag the cursor over a portion of the graph or double-click on the graph to zoom in.
Move: Once you have zoomed in, you can click and drag to view sections outside the visible area.
Flip: Click this option to switch the x- and y-axis.
Fullscreen: Click this option to enlarge the graph to fill your browser window.
Restore: This button appears after you have chosen at least one of the graph options. Click Restore to return the graph to its default settings.